ERIC Number: ED394101
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Jan-27
Career Counseling with African Americans: How Far Have We Really Come?
Jackson, Lesley K.; Roberts, Debra K.
Research conducted on career counseling with African Americans has centered on a few main themes. One theme is that career development models and inventories are based upon the White middle-class American male. Therefore, these models may not be relevant for minority individuals. Second, differences between African American culture and majority culture are often overlooked in career counseling. A third theme focuses on the relationship between racial identity development and vocational identity. Suggestions for further research have included examining the impact of socioeconomic status on career choices and considering not only the culture of a student, but also his/her uniqueness as an individual. In addition, a number of recommendations to accommodate the culture of African Americans in career counseling are proposed. First, further research should be conducted on both career development inventories and models to determine their applicability to African Americans. Second, studying the differences between the meaning of work and status for African Americans and for Whites is suggested. Third, African American students should select successful role models for themselves instead of a career counselor doing so. Finally, the relationship between one's stage of racial/cultural identity development and one's level of vocational development can be examined. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwest Educational Research Association (New Orleans, LA, January 25-27, 1996).