ERIC Number: ED394046
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
School-to-Work Programs To Facilitate Youth Employment and Learning.
Employment Research, v3 n1 p1,3-4 Spr 1996
School-to-work initiatives are becoming increasingly common as more states and the federal government launch programs to remedy the awkward transition of youth from high school into careers and to reform public education, especially for at-risk youth. The school-to-work programs that have been established across the country do not follow any one model, but most contain elements that mark them as school-to work programs (such as being an identifiable, formal part of the curriculum, involving active participation of employers, involving job experience, and resulting in certification of skills). Many positive results have been identified; however, the programs face barriers, especially generating enough employer interest to accommodate all students. Other barriers include the following: the attitude of two-year postsecondary institution, parent attitudes, the unwillingness of four-year institutions to recognize school-to-work coursework, and the need for student support services such as transportation and counseling. Rigorous evaluation of school-to-work programs is needed in order to determine whether they achieve their objectives of improving the process of transition into the labor force for young people or achieving systemic reform of education. (KC)
Descriptors: Articulation (Education), Cooperative Programs, Education Work Relationship, Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Educational Innovation, Educational Needs, Employer Attitudes, High School Students, Institutional Cooperation, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Secondary Education
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Upjohn (W.E.) Inst. for Employment Research, Kalamazoo, MI.