ERIC Number: ED394031
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Nov-12
Vocational Rehabilitation Program. Client Characteristics, Services Received, and Employment Outcomes. Statement of Robert York, Acting Director, Program Evaluation in Human Services Areas, Program Evaluation and Methodology Division. Testimony before the Subcommittee on Select Education, Committee on Education and Labor, House of Representatives.
The General Accounting Office (GAO) reviewed the effectiveness of the vocational rehabilitation (VR) program by examining the characteristics of the clients served in 1988, the services they received, and their employment outcomes. The study report was slated to be completed in early 1992. In testimony before Congress, a GAO representative summarized the review's major findings as of November 1991. According to that testimony, approximately two-thirds of VR clients in 1988 had a severe disability. Among the various types of VR services, diagnosis/evaluation services were provided most frequently and education and training were provided least frequently. Most rehabilitated clients experienced short-term gains in employment and earnings. Most were rehabilitated to paid work; however, their long-term outcomes were mixed. The number of rehabilitated clients with any wage earnings quickly declined to preprogram levels, and only half of rehabilitated clients had any earnings in each of the 5 years following their participation in the VR program. VR clients were most likely to be white, male, severely disabled, and suffering from an orthopedic impairment. (Appended are a list of the major categories of conditions considered disabling and a table detailing the percentages of clients receiving various types of VR services by disability.) (MN)
Descriptors: Client Characteristics (Human Services), Counseling Services, Education Work Relationship, Employment Patterns, Outcomes of Education, Position Papers, Program Effectiveness, Rehabilitation Counseling, Salary Wage Differentials, Vocational Rehabilitation
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; additional copies $2 each; 100 or more: 25% discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.