ERIC Number: ED393986
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
The Education and Training Nexus: Employers' Use of Academic Screens and the Provision of New-Hire Training. EQW Working Papers WP38.
Zemsky, Robert; And Others
A study explored the savings and/or costs associated with employers' decisions to use school measures--grades, teacher recommendations, school reputation--to screen job applicants. Using the results of the National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce's National Employer Survey, the analysis focused on two questions: (1) whether employers who have an effective connection with schools have lower recruiting costs because they are more successful in choosing new workers who "fit" the firm, and (2) whether these employers are more likely to invest in the training of these first-time workers during their first year of employment. An exploratory preliminary analysis yielded three principal answers. First, establishments that used school measures to screen job applicants had work forces with a smaller proportion of employees with less than 1 year of tenure. Second, within the manufacturing sector, establishments that used school measures to screen job applicants provided more training to new workers. Third, the results of the analysis suggested the existence of an education and training nexus. The same set of establishments did the following: used school measures to screen job applicants, invested in the initial training of new employees, provided tuition benefits, reported increased skill requirements for their jobs, and was more likely to have nonmanagers and nonsupervisors using computers. (Appendixes include variable definitions and survey questions and standard multivariate regression and logistic analyses results.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.