ERIC Number: ED393983
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
Employer-Provided Training in the Manufacturing Sector: First Results from the United States. EQW Working Papers WP34.
Lynch, Lisa M.; Black, Sandra E.
Some of the few U.S. studies on the link between training and productivity have used a subjective measure of productivity or a measure of the productivity of the most recently hired worker relative to a fully trained worker, rather than output, labor productivity, total factor productivity, or value-added measures. Administered by the U.S. Bureau of the Census as a telephone survey to a nationally representative sample of private establishments with more than 20 employees in both the manufacturing and nonmanufacturing sectors, the National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce's National Employer Survey represents a unique source of information on how employers recruit workers, organize work, invest in physical capital, and use education and training in the workplace. What makes this survey different from most other training surveys is its ability to examine the impact that all these factors have on the output of establishments and the wages of workers. A total of 1,621 of the 2,441 eligible manufacturing establishments returned completed surveys. Findings of the manufacturing part of the survey indicate that most employers provide some type of formal training program. Employers who have adopted some characteristics of "high performance work systems" and have made large investments in physical capital or have hired workers with higher average educational level are more likely to train workers within their establishment. The determinants of the proportion of workers trained look similar to those of the probability of offering formal training. The type and source of training are important determinants of the impact of training on productivity. (Contains 25 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce, Philadelphia, PA.
Note: For a related document, see CE 071 276.