ERIC Number: ED393976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
A Descriptive and Interpretive Study: The Intellectual Development of Adults.
Wilson, Barbara A.
A study compared the intellectual development among 118 technical college instructors aged 35-65 who had different educational backgrounds. In a 3 x 2 factor design, 3 groups of educational experience (no baccalaureate degree, baccalaureate degree, and master's degree) were represented, with 20 subjects (10 men and 10 women) in each group. The subjects completed the Learning Environment Preferences (LEP), a survey that was developed by William Moore on the basis of William Perry's Schema of Intellectual and Ethical Development. The LEP consists of five domains related to epistemology and approaches to learning: view of knowledge and course content; role of the instructor; role of student and peers in the classroom; classroom atmosphere; and role of evaluation. Qualitative data were also collected in four focus group discussions. Those instructors with master's degrees scored significantly higher in intellectual development than did those instructors with either a baccalaureate or less than a baccalaureate degree. Gender also appeared to be related to intellectual development (women scored significantly higher in intellectual development than men did). Age, on the other hand, did not appear to be significantly related to intellectual development. (Contains 22 references.) (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (New York, NY, April 8-12, 1996).