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ERIC Number: ED393871
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
The General Pattern of the Scientific Method (SM-14). Second Student Edition.
Edmund, Norman W.
The scientific method originated centuries ago, but it is taught only to a limited degree in science classes. It is proposed that the scientific method is not just a method for scientists, but also offers a general approach to problem definition and solving and serves as a guide to problem prevention and solution-challenging. The Scientific Method 14 (SM-14) consists of 14 steps: (1) observing; (2) determining if there is a problem; (3) setting goals and planning; (4) searching, exploring, and gathering evidence; (5) generating creative and logical alternative solutions; (6) evaluating the evidence; (7) forming the hypothesis; (8) challenging the hypothesis; (9) reaching a conclusion; (10) suspending judgment; (11) taking action; (12) using motivation and sensitivity as supporting ingredients; (13) using personal attributes in the process; and (14) applying thinking skills, methods, and processes. Each step is explained in some detail, with anecdotes and illustrations on the facing page. Preparing a self-development program is discussed. (SLD)
Descriptors: Creativity, Curiosity, Decision Making, Hypothesis Testing, Personality Traits, Planning, Problem Solving, Science Education, Scientific Attitudes, Scientific Methodology, Skill Development, Thinking Skills
Normman W. Edmund (Retired Founder of Edmund Scientific Co.) 407 Northeast Third Ave., Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33301-3233 ($3; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A