ERIC Number: ED393849
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Novice Teacher Efficacy and Field Placements.
Cole, Karen M.
This study examined changes in novice teachers' feelings of self-efficacy (the belief that he or she can be successful in affecting student performance) and their beliefs about teaching as they completed a clinical experience in their teacher education program. It also attempted to identify factors which influenced these changes and to examine early novice teachers' perceptions of teacher roles and beliefs about teacher routines. Participants included 82 novice teachers, of whom 19 completed 6 hours of clinical placement and 63 completed 32 hours of clinical experience focusing on teaching and on the routine duties of elementary teachers. The findings indicated: (1) students completing an extended field experience showed an increase in their feelings of personal efficacy at the end of their field experience; students who completed shorter clinical visits did not; (2) outcome expectancy efficacy was not affected by the variation in clinical placements; (3) early novice teachers in both groups rated themselves as confident prior to and after the clinical experience; (4) prior to their first clinical placement, early novice teachers in both groups were likely to assume a "student stance" when answering questions about what goes on in schools on a daily basis; and (5) students in both groups showed little change in responses to questions about factors not directly under teacher control and to questions regarding typical lesson settings and the evaluation of student progress. The results suggested that field experiences might be modified in order to make them more effective, and that novice teachers early in the program may not even be aware that they possess pre-existing beliefs about teaching and classroom routines. (Contains 42 references.) (ND)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Clinical Supervision (of Teachers), Education Majors, Elementary Education, Field Experience Programs, Higher Education, Practicums, Preservice Teacher Education, Self Efficacy, Student Teaching, Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Effectiveness
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Biloxi, MS, November 9, 1995).