ERIC Number: ED393510
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Retention-Attrition in the Nineties. ERIC Digest.
Brawer, Florence B.
Concern about retention and attrition rates in higher education have increased over the years and efforts to identify and treat potential dropouts have grown considerably. Studies investigating the retention and attrition of community college students have found specific characteristics related to outcomes, including full- or part-time attendance, age, employment status, grade point average, being a member of an ethnic minority other than Asian, family obligations, financial concerns, and gender. Since determining predictive characteristics can be difficult, intervention strategies represent an alternative way of approaching retention and attrition and may have greater impact in the long run. Strategies that are widely used and demonstrate the greatest impact include orientation programs, mentoring programs, and multiple strategy approaches combining various efforts. Studies have shown that completion of an orientation program promotes and improves student performance. Faculty and peer mentoring programs aim to improve teacher-student interaction through the use of guidebooks, workshops, tutorial programs, and other academic and social support strategies. Multiple strategy efforts in place at community colleges include the use of campus-wide handbooks of student retention strategies; women's centers to provide support to non-traditional, female students; freshman seminars to promote supportive relationships among students and student-faculty interaction; and the implementation of college funded work-study for on-campus employment. Contains 16 references. (TGI)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.