ERIC Number: ED393463
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Digitizing Technologies for Preservation. SPEC Kit 214.
Kellerman, L. Suzanne, Comp.; Wilson, Rebecca, Comp.
The Association of Research Libraries distributed a survey to its 119 member libraries to assess the use of state-of-the-art digital technologies as a preservation method. Libraries were asked to report detailed data on all projects designed specifically to: (1) enhance images of faded or brittle originals, (2) provide access to digital images while limiting handling of the originals, or (3) preserve electronic text files. Seventy-eight libraries (66%) responded. Twenty-nine respondents (37%) indicated that they are utilizing digital technologies in some way for preservation purposes. Libraries which currently are or were engaged in a digital preservation project are inclined to plan future projects. Ten (34%) of the reporting libraries are engaged in digitizing 19 archival collections, constituting a multitude of format types; books, photographs, and slides were the most frequently cited source materials being digitized. The majority of libraries specified having PC-based systems, with flatbed scanners being the major capture device. Adobe Photoshop was the most frequently cited image processing and editing enhancement software in use. The four most often cited storage devices chosen were hard drive (20), CD-ROM (11), magnetic tape (8), and optical disk (8). Indexing is most often performed by manual input as opposed to automatically by system software. Across all libraries, a total of 65.30 FTE personnel are engaged in digital preservation-related activities. At present, uniform standards and recommended guidelines do not exist for digitizing for preservation purposes, and the technology is too new to determine its longevity as a permanent storage medium. Examples of funding proposals, materials selection guidelines, job and project descriptions, bibliographic control, and project publicity are provided for selected libraries. (Contains a list of 46 selected readings.) (Author/AEF)
Descriptors: Archives, Information Storage, Information Technology, Library Materials, Library Surveys, Library Technical Processes, Preservation
Association of Research Libraries, Office of Management Services, 21 Dupont Circle, N.W., Washington, DC 20036.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Services.