ERIC Number: ED393307
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Second Language Learning and Use Strategies: Clarifying the Issues. Research Report. Revised Version.
Cohen, Andrew D.
The discussion presented here is intended to clarify terminology and concepts of learning strategies and language use strategies for second languages. It first provides working definitions for these terms: language learning and use strategies; language use strategies; language performance strategies; communication strategies; cognitive strategies; metacognitive strategies; and affective strategies. It then considers five issues in the language learning strategies field: (1) the distinction between the term "strategy" and other terminology (substrategies, techniques, tactics); (2) whether learning strategies must be conscious in order to be referred to as strategies; (3) criteria for classifying language learning and use strategies; (4) a broadening of the concept of strategic competence; and (5) the linking of learning strategies to learning styles and other personality-related variables. Finally, an example is offered of how these issues are dealt with in a program of strategy-based instruction at the university level. Contains 32 references. (MSE)
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cognitive Style, Communication Skills, Curriculum Design, Educational Strategies, Higher Education, Language Proficiency, Language Usage, Learning Strategies, Metacognition, Personality Traits, Second Language Instruction, Second Language Learning, Second Languages
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition.