ERIC Number: ED393304
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
"Could You Calm Down More?": Requests and Korean ESL Learners.
Working Papers in Educational Linguistics, v11 n2 p67-82 Fall-Win 1995
This study examined the ways in which adult, Korean, English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) learners performed the "request" speech act, with particular attention to deviations caused by negative transfer. An oral discourse completion test with six request situations was given to three groups of learners; situations varied in terms of the interlocutors' role relationships. One group of native American English request responses was used as the baseline data while one group of 10 Korean subjects served as nonnative English respondents and another group of 15 Korean subjects served as native Korean respondents. American subjects were graduate students, aged 23-30 years; Korean subjects were 21- to 30-years-old and had been in the United States from 1-9 months. In all three language groups, request realization (directness levels and supportive moves) were significantly determined by the sociopragmatic features of the situational context. However, nonnative speakers deviated from native English speaker norms in some situations due to the effect of the pragmatic rules of Korean. (Contains 23 references.) (Author/NAV)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For serial publication in which this article appears, see FL 023 610.