ERIC Number: ED393202
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
The Effect of Motivation on the Relationship of School Climate, Family Environment, and Student Characteristics to Academic Achievement.
This paper presents findings of a study that examined relationships between several antecedent variables (student ability, family environment, and school climate) and student academic achievement. The research also examined the role of motivation as a moderator between ability and academic achievement, and as a mediating variable between family environment and academic achievement and between school climate and academic achievement. The study was conducted in a small town in the Southeast United States. A survey questionnaire was administered to 241 high school freshmen, of whom 76 were black, 158 were white, and 7 were classified as "other." Findings indicate that student motivation showed no significant effect on the relationship between ability and academic achievement. However, motivation acted as a moderating variable between ability and academic achievement for black students. The findings suggest that the elements of both school climate and family environment have a stronger direct impact on academic achievement. It is recommended that school-family programs be developed to facilitate student motivation and improve teacher-student relationships. (Contains 28 tables.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association (Biloxi, MS, November 8-10, 1995).