ERIC Number: ED393011
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Comparing Applied Literacy and Basic Skills Tests as Measures of Adult Literacy Performance.
Sabatini, John P.; And Others
The Tests of Adult Basic Education (TABE) is a widely used multiple-choice test battery of basic skills in reading, language, and mathematics. The Test of Applied Literacy Skills (TALS) is an applied literacy battery consisting of document, prose, and quantitative literacy tests. The central issue in this study was the relationship of the TABE and TALS to each other as measures of change and as guides for instruction. All students for the project attended adult basic education (ABE) or General Educational Development (GED) classes at Rochambeau Schools in White Plains, New York, during the 1991-92 school year. The majority of the analyses were performed on the 168 students who completed all the initial TABE and TALS tests. Students were tested prior to placement into ABE/GED levels at the beginning of the 1992 school year, then again at mid-year and again at the end of the year. The main finding was that the TABE Mathematics Concepts and Applications Test scores were a stronger predictor of the TALS Document Test scores than the TABE Reading Comprehension scores. The pattern of results for predicting Prose Literacy scores mirrored those of Document Literacy, with Reading Comprehension taking on the role of strongest predictor. This result was interpreted as indicating a strong problem-solving component common to both tests that was not equivalent to basic skills reading measures. Some common sense starting points were proposed for deciding which tests to use for adult literacy assessment, including selecting tests that match the goals of instructional programs. (Appendixes include a list of 33 references and 11 data tables.) (YLB)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Adult Students, Comparative Analysis, Literacy Education, Predictive Measurement, Predictive Validity, Student Evaluation, Test Selection, Test Validity, Testing
National Center on Adult Literacy, University of Pennsylvania, Publications, 3910 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3111 (order no. TR95-03).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Adult Literacy, Philadelphia, PA.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of Adult Basic Education