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ERIC Number: ED392401
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1992-Aug
Pages: 176
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Computer-Assisted Instructional Software Program in Mathematical Problem-Solving Skills for Medication Administration for Beginning Baccalaureate Nursing Students at San Jose State University.
Wahl, Sharon C.
Nursing educators and administrators are concerned about medication errors made by students which jeopardize patient safety. The inability to conceptualize and calculate medication dosages, often related to math anxiety, is implicated in such errors. A computer-assisted instruction (CAI) program is seen as a viable method of allowing students to learn mathematics in a non-threatening, self-paced environment, and this dissertation describes a project aiming to develop a quality CAI software product for beginning baccalaureate nursing students at San Jose State University (SJSU, California). Research methodology involved analyzing data from 196 student surveys and studying errors made by beginning nursing students in 422 dosage and solution exams, evaluating 6 currently available software programs in dosage and solution mathematics, selecting an authoring program and evaluation tools for the new CAI product, and developing and evaluating the prototype. It was discovered that the SJSU students made errors that followed trends mentioned in the literature--namely, not so often computational errors but conceptual ones, especially ones of conversion between measurement systems. The CAI program developed for this project eliminates many flaws discovered in other programs of its kind and meets the suggestions in the literature for decreasing errors and math anxiety. The research ultimately suggested that more related CAI tools be developed, that this particular one be evaluated by larger groups of students, and that research be conducted to evaluate its effectiveness. Appendices include: (1) a sample dosage and solution exam; (2) student data collection form; (3) Gagne problem-solving guide; (4) list of instructional and software design experts; (5) a software evaluation tool; (6) permission for tool use; (7) narrative survey tool; (8) instructional task analysis; (9) instructions for the CAI program installation; (10) student suggestions for the CAI program; (11) dosage and solution software list; (12) sample computer screens; (13) summary of evaluator comments; (14) evaluations from software professionals; and (15) the panel of nursing experts. (Contains 87 references.) (Author/BEW)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A