ERIC Number: ED392161
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
School Facilities. Accessibility for the Disabled Still an Issue. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
The requirement that programs and activities of schools receiving federal financial assistance be accessible to the disabled has been in force for two decades. This paper presents findings of a General Accounting Office study that examined the accessibility of existing schools nationwide. To evaluate the degree to which accessibility was still a problem, the study used school officials' reports of the amount spent in the last 3 years and the amount they need to spend in the next 3 years to provide access for the disabled. The survey was augmented with visits to selected school districts. Data were derived from a national survey of 9,956 schools, which elicited a 78 percent response rate, and from site visits to 41 schools in 10 school districts. Over half (53 percent) of the schools reported having spent a total of $1.5 billion in the last 3 years on accessibility. Only about 20 percent of schools reported that such spending was not needed. A total of 56 percent of all schools estimated that they will need a total of $5.2 billion more for accessibility in the next 3 years. Only about 26 percent of schools reported that such spending will not be needed. The site visits showed that schools' physical accessibility varied enormously within school districts. The law does not require a school district to make each of its existing facilities or every part of a facility accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities. Lack of funding was cited by many as the chief reason for not making schools accessible. Twelve tables and 3 figures are included. Appendices contain a copy of questionnaire items, technical notes, statistical data, and a list of GAO contacts and staff acknowledgements. (LMI)
Descriptors: Accessibility (for Disabled), Compliance (Legal), Disabilities, Educational Facilities, Educational Facilities Improvement, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Expenditures, Federal Aid, School District Spending, School Districts
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; $2 each additional copy; quantity discounts available).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Americans with Disabilities Act 1990; Rehabilitation Act 1973