ERIC Number: ED391949
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jun
Functional Literacy, Workplace Literacy and Technical and Vocational Education: Interfaces and Policy Perspectives. UNEVOC Studies in Technical and Vocational Education 5.
Bhola, H. S.
To achieve the intergenerational social reproduction of labor, all societies develop suitable institutional arrangements for the delivery of "Education and Training for Work" (ETW). Three programs together constitute the bulk of ETW initiatives in almost every country on the globe: functional literacy (FL), workplace literacy (WPL), and technical and vocational education and training (TVET). FL or work-oriented literacy is a child of development, born in the Third World. Since the 1960s, adult literacy has been seen as an important part of the educational plan for development. WPL emerged in response to international economic competition. WPL has been developed primarily to teach or improve literacy skills directly usable in the workplace to increase productivity. TVET everywhere in the world continues to have a class bias. Its critics say it neither connects learners with the world of work nor prepares people to become self-employed entrepreneurs. FL, WPL, and TVET are natural allies. Technological and vocational skills with related economic rewards are the motivational core of FL and WPL; literacy is the praxis-based core of all TVET. The three sectors overlap in their missions and methods and could be subsumed under a conceptual category named ETW. A model for ETW has four components: choice of an appropriate curricular core of technical and vocational education, institutional interfaces between education and the workplace, structural factors, and superstructural themes. (Contains 78 references.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Economic, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France). Section for Technical and Vocational Education.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: Product of the International Project on Technical and Vocational Education (UNEVOC).