ERIC Number: ED391522
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
The Learning Helix.
This paper discusses a mental model of learning based on the processes of attention, perception, processing, and application. The learning process starts with attention, such as curiosity, excitement, expectation, or fear; in pedagogy this is called motivation. New impressions are dependent on and interpreted against the background of previous experience and learning, or "frame of reference." One of the main reasons for using pictures in magazines, newspapers, and books is to draw attention to the material; in the case of moving images, the visual material and presentation must constantly redraw the attention to hold the viewer's interest. The concept "perception" is a collective designation for the processes in which an individual obtains information on the outside world. The"laws" of perception include: figure/ground contrast; similarity; proximity; continuity; closure; common fate; objective set; contrast; and previous experience. Information processing and storage is referred to as memory. Memory functions include sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory; forgetting is the process through which information in memory becomes inaccessible. Results from several experiments show that when contents are the same in visual, audio, and print channels, learning is maximized. After the attention, perception, and processing of information, new knowledge can be applied and tested in different applications. Four figures depict these processes, including the combination of all processes in the learning helix model. (Contains 51 references.) (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Eyes on the Future: Converging Images, Ideas, and Instruction. Selected Readings from the Annual Conference of the International Visual Literacy Association (27th, Chicago, IL, October 18-22, 1995); see IR 017 629.