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ERIC Number: ED391374
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1996
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Test of Pienemann and Johnston's Tentative Developmental Stages in ESL Development.
Fetter, Robert
A study investigated the applicability of the theory of tentative developmental stages in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) development (TDS), which posits specific sequences for specific language features and hypothesizes developmental stages that cut across those sequences. The six stages are defined by specified combinations of three speech processing strategies. The case study involved a native Korean-speaking student enrolled in an intermediate-level ESL course at an American college. Data were drawn from nine transcripts of the subject involved in information-gap tasks with different native-English-speaking and non-native English-speaking interlocutors. Independent clauses were analyzed and grammatical features used were identified according to developmental stage. It was found that while the subject's speech contained features from each of the six stages, 96 percent of stage 1-3 features were present but only 41 percent of stage 4-6 features were found. Because the theory proposes that the developmental stages are "implicational" (i.e., that features from all previous stages have been acquired), the findings do not support the theory. Contains 16 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A