ERIC Number: ED391119
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jan
Restrictive Measures for Young, Beginning Drivers.
Williams, Allan F.
Worldwide there is great variation in how licensing young people to drive is handled. The minimum age for regular licensure varies, generally from 15 to 18 years. Prerequisites and conditions for licensure vary. Some licensing policies are more effective than others in controlling injuries associated with youthful driving; crashes involving young drivers constitute a major public health problem in every motorized society in the world. The first year of licensed driving is the riskiest of all. Inexperienced drivers of any age have a higher crash risk than more experienced drivers of the same age, but youthful age itself is strongly associated with crash risk. In setting licensing policies, societies are deciding how to handle the tradeoff between safety for young drivers (and others that share the road with them) and the mobility needs and desires of young people. Restrictive measures on youthful drivers reduce the crash and injury problem. Restrictive measures used throughout the world include: night driving curfews; prohibitions against driving on expressways; lower maximum speeds; and restrictions on carrying passengers without an adult present. Graduated licensing is a system that starts with a learners permit and systematically lifts restrictions under the rationale that there is no substitute for on-the-road driving as a means of gaining experience. Contains 23 references. (JBJ)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Insurance Inst. for Highway Safety, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Interdisciplinary Conference on Young Drivers (1st, Cologne, Germany, December 12-14, 1994).