ERIC Number: ED391061
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Dec-5
Implications of Welfare Reform for Workforce Development. Issue Brief.
National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.
The latest round of proposed state and federal welfare reforms has major implications for state work force development systems. These systems will face new demands generated by the need to help welfare recipients find jobs before they reach the time limits on aid and the need for states to meet the new work participation rates for federal welfare programs. In addition, states may be implementing new work force development block grants at the same time that they are implementing new welfare block grants. The adult education and work force development systems have been playing a central role in welfare reform for some time; however, the newest reforms to the welfare system will mean that states will receive less federal funding and that states will be required to place many more welfare recipients in jobs or in work activities. Education and job training will not be the principal focus of welfare-to-work programs because most welfare recipients must be in actual jobs or work activities for their participation to count toward federal work participation requirements. These differences mean that policymakers in the adult education and work force development systems will have to rethink the role their programs play in welfare reform. Job search, unpaid work experience, and subsidized jobs will play a much larger role. Many job training courses, such as those at community colleges, may have to be reconfigured to fit into the timeframe of recipients who need such training but who have access to income support for only 2 years. Work force development systems may also be asked to help former recipients stay in jobs or find new ones, or to create work for recipients who are reaching the limits of their aid. All of these welfare-related demands on work force development systems come at a time when federal funding for these systems has been sharply reduced. States may be able to shift some of their current investments in welfare systems to work force development systems to provide job training and income support to families that are now on the welfare rolls. (KC)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Governors' Association, Washington, DC.