ERIC Number: ED390704
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Associations between Learning Environments and Student Outcomes in Biology.
Henderson, David; And Others
The objectives of this study were: to investigate biology students' perceptions of the classroom and the laboratory learning environments by means of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction (QTI) and the Science Laboratory Environment Inventory (SLEI) instruments and to compare these perceptions with the environments ideally liked or preferred by students; to determine associations between students' cognitive achievement, practical performance and attitudinal outcomes, and students' perceptions of the classroom and laboratory learning environments in biology classes; and to determine the unique and common contributions of the QTI and the SLEI to the variance in biology students' outcomes. While associations between attitudinal outcomes and learning environment dimensions assessed by the SLEI and QTI were stronger than with either achievement or practical outcomes, associations between biology students' perceptions of their learning environment and cognitive and practical performance outcomes reported in this study indicate that certain aspects of the learning environment are associated with students' achievement outcomes. These include the integration of practical and theory work, the degree of open-endedness, the teacher's leadership behavior, and the level of student responsibility and freedom. (Contains 35 references.) (JRH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).