ERIC Number: ED390591
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Policy Implications of Latino Poverty.
Enchautegui, Maria E.
The growing Latino presence in the United States underscores the need to address Latino poverty, previously overlooked in public policy discussions. Latinos are the fastest growing U.S. minority group, and Latino poverty is also rising. In 1990, one in every four Latinos was poor, and 40 percent of Latino children lived in poverty. Latino poverty is persistent; its causes are deeply rooted in low levels of education and concentration in low-paying jobs. Low participation in public assistance and high participation in the informal labor market make Latino poverty difficult to tackle by traditional policy devices. Lack of attention to Latino poverty is due to the following factors: (1) most poor Latinos work but much of the policy debate on poverty focuses on the nonworking poor; (2) geographic concentration of Latinos in a few states isolates them from national policy debates; (3) although 64 percent were born here, Latinos are perceived as immigrants and hence without claims on U.S. society; and (4) Latinos are a diverse population with low participation in the electoral process. Proposed routes for formulating a Latino policy agenda focus on family-centered policies; the increased role of states in policy design; neighborhoods as relevant units for policy intervention; education (increasing educational attainment, improving educational quality, and supporting bilingual education); and the role of macroeconomic structural changes in Latino poverty. Contains 101 references. (SV)
Descriptors: Demography, Educational Attainment, Educational Policy, Family Relationship, Hispanic Americans, Low Income Groups, Policy Formation, Poverty, Public Policy, Welfare Recipients
Urban Institute, 2100 M Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037 ($5).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Urban Inst., Washington, DC.