PDF pending restoration
ERIC Number: ED390331
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Accountability of Colleges and Universities: An Essay.
Graham, Patricia Albjerg; And Others
This essay presents the results of a study of the means that colleges and universities should use to assure proper accountability within the institution in regard to teaching and learning. It discusses the basis of institutional accountability, public perceptions of accountability (or lack thereof), the role of governments and market forces, the role of trustees, and existing forms of accountability. It also outlines five basic principles of accountability: (1) external accountability must reinforce internal accountability; (2) "do no harm"; (3) respect diversity; (4) academic responsibility is central; and (5) accountability is a forward-looking responsibility. The essay also reviews new systems of accountability, including specialized accreditation, accountability matrices, and audits. The essay concludes that most colleges and universities need to pay greater attention to teaching and learning, areas that are the proper focus of internal accountability. It goes on to argue that institutions need to conduct more serious and candid reviews focused on the quality of education in each academic unit, and that institution-wide accreditation should adopt a process of audits of the internal quality-control efforts within the institution. A list of the experts and advisors who contributed to the study is attached. (Contains 107 references.) (MDM)
Descriptors: Accountability, Accreditation (Institutions), College Administration, College Instruction, Colleges, Educational Attitudes, Educational Responsibility, Educational Trends, Governing Boards, Government Role, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, Institutional Role, Outcomes of Education, Self Evaluation (Groups), Universities
The Accountability Study, 301 Low Memorial Library, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027 (single copies free).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Columbia Univ., New York, NY.