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ERIC Number: ED390014
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
African-Americans and Alcoholism.
Sigmon, Scott B.
To better serve people in a counseling relationship, it is useful to understand them not only culturally, but demographically as well. This paper traces historical, religious, demographic aspects and treatment of alcohol abuse in African Americans. Historically, alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence have varied for African Americans. During the 1840s and 1850s a Black temperance movement made abstinence from alcohol synonymous with freedom from slavery and moral uprightness. However, in the early 1900s the temperance movement became associated with Black disenfranchisement and White supremacy, so African-Americans began to withdraw from the movement. Black migration of the 1920s and 1930s, coupled with economic recession and unemployment, involved more Black people with alcohol. From this period onward, alcohol progressively became a public health problem in the Black community. By the early 1980s seven U.S. cities accounted for 50 percent of all cirrhotic deaths occurring in Blacks. Churches have in the past and continue to be a strong influence on the lives of African Americans. Black religious leaders have usually preached against the use of alcohol. Approximately 43.7% of African Americans use alcohol regularly. African American women have a lower rate of alcohol use than White women. African Americans are somewhat over-represented in treatment programs, and enter treatment later in the disease process than Whites. Contains 10 references. (JBJ)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A