ERIC Number: ED389963
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Assessment of Temperament. ERIC Digest.
Temperament refers to basic dimensions of personality that are grounded in biology and explain individual differences in the developmental process rather than universal dynamics. Temperament is currently an active area of research with documented applicability to a variety of developmental and mental health outcomes such as conscience formation, peer interaction, behavior problems, school achievement, psychopathology, and vulnerability, as well as resistance to stress. Unresolved conceptual issues and problems with measurement limit the applicability of this knowledge by practitioners. This digest examines the following questions: (1) What is the structure of temperament? (2) What issues remain in assessing temperament? (3) How are temperament and personality related? and (4) How do temperament dimensions exert their influence? The documented association of temperament traits with diverse outcomes linked with normal development and psychopathology have left no doubt about the value of this construct. Future refinements in definitions and measurement, as well as a better understanding of how temperament exerts its influence will promote greater application of these concepts to designing programs for prevention and intervention in mental health and educational settings. Contains 10 references. (JBJ)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Counseling and Student Services, Greensboro, NC.