ERIC Number: ED389836
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct-4
Using Occupational Standards To Update Education and Training Programs.
Fretwell, David H.
Many difficult political, administrative, and technical issues must be addressed in developing occupational standards and certification systems in middle income and developing countries. Political issues focus on the clear recognition within the country, particularly by the key stakeholders (government, unions, enterprises), of the following: the need for standards; existence of the three key stakeholders; equality of stakeholders, including public and private enterprises, and their ability to contribute actively to the development process; and employers' desire for standards and their understanding of the linkages between standards, wages, and hiring practices and the attitude of government toward mandatory standards. Administrative issues include the following: establishment of a tripartite governing structure for an occupational standard organization; linkages between training institutions (suppliers of labor) and the standards setting institution; staffing/hiring of a core staff to supervise development of standards; financing of development and of ongoing operations; international linkages to standards from other countries; and national dissemination and updating of standards. The technical issues are as follows: developing a common definition of "occupation"; creating linkages between national standards and training curricula; developing linkages between countries; responsibility for writing standards and certification programs; developing operating procedures; dissemination/automation of standards; certification and testing; and curriculum development. (YLB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Workshop discussion paper for the International Convention for Education, Training, and Development (Port Douglas, Queensland, Australia, October 4, 1995).