ERIC Number: ED389826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Key Characteristics of Effective Schools: A Review of School Effectiveness Research.
Sammons, Pam; And Others
This review provides an analysis of the key determinants of school effectiveness in elementary and secondary schools. A literature review identified the following key correlates of effectiveness: (1) professional leadership; (2) shared vision and goals; (3) a learning environment; (4) concentration on teaching and learning; (5) purposeful teaching; (6) high expectations; (7) positive reinforcement; (8) monitoring progress; (9) pupil rights and responsibilities; (10) home-school partnership; and (11) a learning organization. The majority of effectiveness studies have focused exclusively on students' cognitive outcomes, but there is less evidence about school and classroom processes that are important in determining schools' success in promoting social or affective outcomes. Because of this focus, the review tells more about the correlates of academic effectiveness. Results of the review did not support the view that any one particular teaching style is more effective than others, but did indicate that flexibility and the ability to adapt teaching approaches are more important than notions of any single style. (Contains 186 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Processes, Educational Environment, Effective Schools Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, Institutional Characteristics, Instructional Leadership, Outcomes of Education, Partnerships in Education, School Effectiveness, Teaching Methods
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office for Standards in Education, London (England).
Authoring Institution: London Univ. (England). Inst. of Education.