ERIC Number: ED389776
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1993-Dec
Work Force Preparation: A Review of Literature.
McMillan, James H.
There is a clear national consensus that for the United States to remain economically competitive, schools will have to change to emphasize higher levels of performance and skills. Students need to be independent, directed, and effective learners to be able to adapt to changing work environments by acquiring and using new information. However, there is little consensus about how to operationalize these skills and assess them at different levels. Needed skills and competencies are grouped into four major categories: (1) basic skills; (2) higher-order thinking skills; (3) interpersonal and teamwork skills; and (4) personal characteristics and attitudes. A review of the literature suggests that schools have used a variety of strategies to improve these skills and competencies and that there is an increasing emphasis on integrating academic and vocational education. In practice, this has usually meant reforming vocational education, with little attention to college preparatory tracks. The meager research on these integration efforts suggests that success is site-specific, with identifiable features that center on providing time and resources. An appendix contains eight information sheets that summarize points from the review. (Contains 1 table and 34 references.) (SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Metropolitan Educational Research Consortium, Richmond, VA.