ERIC Number: ED389471
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Dec
Financing Preschool for All Children. ERIC Digest.
Svestka, Sherlie S.
This digest compares the efforts of the United States and of other member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) to finance center- and facility-based preschool. In many OECD countries, public preschool is more widely available than in the United States. For example, in France, 100%, and in Italy, approximately 92%, of children age 3 through 5 attend preschool. In the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, all 5- and almost all 4-year-olds, and in Belgium, 95% of 3- to 5-year-olds, attend a public preschool program. Many public preschool programs in OECD countries and some programs in the United States are financed through multiple sources. There are two major differences in the ways this funding is provided. First, most U.S. publicly funded programs are targeted for poor and disabled children, while in other countries all children are included in public preschool. Second, in OECD countries, different funding sources finance different parts of a comprehensive program or target different ages entirely, whereas in U.S. publicly financed programs, most of which target individuals in the same population of poor children, there is greater fragmentation of services and conflicting eligibility requirements. In the United States, the private sector has traditionally been the major supplier of early childhood education and care. Recent research, however, has found that sites operated by public agencies, receiving public funding, or sponsored by employers provided higher quality programs than sites that were financed only by parent fees. (BC)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.
Identifiers - Location: France; Italy; United States