ERIC Number: ED389447
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995
Reference Count: N/A
Huge Increase in Day-Care Workers: A Result of Multiple Societal Changes.
Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.
Using Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates of employment in day-care establishments, this study analyzes changes in day care over the past 20 years. Growth in day-care employment has been much stronger than that of other industries. Since 1972, employment has increased by nearly 250 per cent. Causes of growth includes changing trends in enrollment and staffing ratios. Increased enrollment can be inferred from a variety of measures, including an increase in the child population; changes in family composition which have resulted in more single-parent families; and an increase in the number of working women. There are also factors which enable more children to attend day care programs. In particular, day care has become more affordable. This has been the result of increased government funding of day care; the growth of Head Start and other programs for children from low-income families; an increase in state and local initiatives for the further establishment of day care; tax breaks related to day-care expenses; and private initiatives stemming from both corporate and non-profit efforts to increase accessibility to day care. Another mitigating factor is the low cost of labor in the day care industry. (JW)
Descriptors: Access to Education, Child Caregivers, Day Care, Early Childhood Education, Economic Factors, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Economics, Educational Supply, Educational Trends, Employed Parents, Enrollment Influences, Family Work Relationship, Financial Support, Mothers, Preschool Teachers, Teacher Salaries, Teacher Supply and Demand
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Bureau of Labor Statistics (DOL), Washington, DC.