ERIC Number: ED389384
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1996
The American Community College. Third Edition. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series.
Cohen, Arthur M.; Brawer, Florence B.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of community college education in the United States, emphasizing trends affecting two-year colleges in the past decade. Chapter 1 identifies social forces contributing to the development and expansion of community colleges and the continuing changes in institutional purpose. Chapter 2 examines shifting patterns in student characteristics and goals, reasons for the predominance of part-time attendance, participation and achievement among minority students, attrition issues, and the most recent data on student transfer rates. Chapter 3 utilizes national data to illustrate differences between full- and part-time faculty and discusses issues related to tenure, salary, workload, faculty evaluation and preparation, moonlighting, and burnout. Chapter 4 reviews modifications in college management stemming from changes in institutional size, the advent of collective bargaining, reductions in available funds, and changes in governance and control. Chapter 5 describes funding patterns and their relationship to organizational shifts. Chapter 6 discusses the stability of the colleges' instructional forms and the use of instructional technology. Chapter 7 considers student personnel functions, including counseling, guidance, recruitment, retention, orientation, and extracurricular activities. Chapter 8 traces the rise of occupational education toward a central position in the curriculum. Chapter 9 focuses on remedial and developmental programs and addresses controversies surrounding student mainstreaming and restrictive programming. Chapter 10 examines adult and continuing education, lifelong learning, and community services. Chapters 11 and 12 examine curricular trends and controversies in the liberal arts and general education. Chapter 13 describes research efforts in and about community colleges, while chapter 14 addresses philosophical and practical questions regarding the transfer function and the colleges' role in enhancing progress toward higher degrees. Finally, chapter 15 offers projections for college demographics, organization, curriculum, instruction, and student services. Contains 45 pages of references. (MAB)
Descriptors: Adult Education, College Administration, College Curriculum, College Faculty, College Instruction, College Role, Community Colleges, Compensatory Education, Educational Finance, Educational History, Educational Objectives, Futures (of Society), General Education, Governance, Liberal Arts, Student Personnel Services, Teaching Methods, Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges, Vocational Education
Jossey-Bass, Inc., 350 Sansome Street, San Francisco, CA 94104 ($38.95).
Publication Type: Books; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Community Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
Note: For the second edition, see ED 309 828.