ERIC Number: ED389287
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Mediated Collaborative Learning - How CSILE Supports a Shift from Knowledge in the Head to Knowledge in the World. Draft.
In Computer-Supported Intentional Learning Environments (CSILE), students use a computer-database system as a tool to store and organize their curriculum-related knowledge as a means of sharing information and thoughts with peers, supporting both individual and collaborative learning. This study contrasts two conditions: face-to-face collaboration and CSILE mediated collaboration where the students can pursue individual learning and collaborative learning flexibly through both oral and written discourse. The subjects were 30 students from a grade five/six elementary classroom. Students worked in groups of 3 for a total of 10 groups; the topic was "Gravity and the Solar System." The study then focused on the roles of three students and how they used oral discourse in the face-to-face and CSILE sessions. Results indicated that in the face-to-face condition, oral discourse is mainly a tool for pursuing or supporting others' individual learning goals, as opposed to constructing and pursuing collaborative ones. In the CSILE condition, students, through oral discourse, construct a joint problem-space, resulting in individual learning that is both a contribution to their own learning and the group's learning. A trace of each individual's process of learning and knowledge is recorded in the database, making it available for inspection, evaluation, and for building on and integrating by themselves or others. (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).