ERIC Number: ED389286
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
The Effectiveness of Television Captioning on Comprehension and Preference.
Kirkland, C. Eric; And Others
The educational and motivational benefits of captioning have been established for people who are deaf or hard-of-hearing as well as for students who have a learning disability or who have limited English proficiency. The primary goal of this study was to determine whether technological enhancements to captioning would benefit children with learning disabilities and the general population of students. An evaluation was conducted of the effects of the speed of captioning on comprehension and the secondary effects of advance organizers on comprehension and preference. Middle school students with learning disabilities were the focus of this study; 317 eighth grade students, 68 with learning disabilities or special education needs, were examined. Half of the classes were asked questions that served as advance organizers for videos on a science topic; the other half viewed videos without advance organizers. All classes were assigned three captioning levels: standard, edited, or highlighted. The use of videos enhanced by captioning and the use of advance organizers was shown to positively affect students' comprehension and attitudes. Irrespective of advance organizers and group identification (general or special education), students' comprehension dropped when captioning was withdrawn. Interest ratings did not correlate significantly to comprehension scores. (Contains 19 references.) (AEF)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Captioning Inst., Inc., Falls Church, VA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).