ERIC Number: ED389223
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Engineering Research Presentations: Three Units of Analysis.
A study investigated the genre, structure, and delivery of oral presentations in engineering delivered in English as a first and as a second language. Eleven manufacturing engineering presentations, four by non-native speakers of English and seven by native speakers in Loughborough, United Kingdom, were analyzed with reference to the discourse community's expectations concerning "good" and "bad" presentations, as determined through interviews and questionnaires. Two aspects of genre were examined: communicative purpose and conventionalized knowledge of linguistic and discoursal resources. Analysis of structure focused on characteristics of the introduction, body, and termination (conclusion) of the presentation. These included listener orientation, content orientation, discourse type, summary, presentation of technical information, use of visual aids, circumstantial comments, and comments on the research process. Analysis of delivery looked only at its extemporaneousness, as reflected in mode of delivery: memorization; reading aloud; and/or "fresh talk." In each case, performances are compared with expectations. Contains 35 references. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (29th, Long Beach, CA, March 26-April 1, 1995).