ERIC Number: ED389132
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct-20
Generalization of Work-Related Social Behavior for Persons with Mental Retardation.
Black, Rhonda S.; Langone, John
This paper reviews the research and attempts to identify instructional techniques and settings to promote generalization of appropriate work-related social behavior in individuals with mental retardation. First, it provides a definition of transition and discusses the importance of training for generalization, discrimination, and maintenance. Three techniques are then explained: (1) cognitive process approaches to instruction, (2) using peers as change agents, and (3) community-based instruction. The paper finds support for all three techniques and recommends that transition for students with mental retardation involve enrollment in vocational education programs, instruction in community-based environments, paid part-time employment, cognitive process approaches, and peer-mediated interventions. (Contains 30 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Community Based Instruction (Disabilities), Education Work Relationship, Generalization, Instructional Effectiveness, Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Job Skills, Maintenance, Mental Retardation, Peer Influence, Prevocational Education, Social Behavior, Teaching Methods, Theory Practice Relationship, Transitional Programs, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom; Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Conference of the Division on Career Development and Transition (Raleigh, NC, October 19-21, 1995).