ERIC Number: ED389118
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1991-Jul-12
An Overview of Standards and Policy on the Use of Time-Out as a Behavior Management Strategy.
National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA.
This study investigated state policy, court litigation, and accreditation standards with respect to the use of time-out as a behavior management strategy in special education programs. The study's emphasis was on existing standards concerning the use of locked time-out rooms and student supervision requirements during the application of time-out. The first section reviews a sample of applicable state policy on the use of time-out from Arkansas, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Massachusetts, and Kentucky. The second section looks at case law, focusing on a recent briefing paper published by EDLAW, Inc. titled "Disciplining Disruptive Handicapped Students" (K. S. Mehfoud and S. J. Rosenfeld). This paper makes recommendations regarding the use of time-out, such as its inclusion in the student's Individualized Education Program, and also provides specific procedural recommendations for implementing time-out interventions. The third section discusses accreditation standards pertaining to the use of time-out in residential and health care facilities. The paper concludes that most states leave the development of behavior managemen procedures, including time-out, to local education agencies; that time-out rooms should not be locked and the child should be constantly observed while confined to the room; and that it is important to keep consistent data on the frequency of the target behavior to make sure time-out is having its intended effect. (DB)
Descriptors: Behavior Disorders, Behavior Problems, Court Litigation, Disabilities, Discipline Policy, Educational Policy, Individualized Education Programs, School District Autonomy, Standards, State Standards, Timeout
National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Inc., 1800 Diagonal Road, Suite 320, King Street Station 1, Alexandria, VA 22314 ($5.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA.
Note: Prepared by Project FORUM.