ERIC Number: ED389116
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1993-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Leading and Managing for Performance: An Examination of Challenges Confronting Special Education.
National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA.
This paper attempts to define the role of special education and special educators in current educational reform efforts and to provide direction to the National Association of State Directors of Special Education (NASDSE), by reviewing current reform initiatives in the context of the past, present, and future of educating children with disabilities. First, common elements in the educational reform movement are identified, with emphasis on development of a performance-based educational system. The history of special education policy and performance within the legal context is reviewed. The present environment is seen as fostering a stagnant service delivery system that limits opportunities to develop creative solutions to problems of policy and practice. A clear national, public demand for accountability and reform and a general dissatisfaction with public education is seen as pushing special education into a reactive posture. Special education is seen as doing no better or worse than the rest of education in producing measurable results. Principles which underlie the special educators' role in school reform are identified, stressing the promotion of collaborative intra- and inter-agency relationships, broad-based community support, collective responsibility for learning, and advocacy for students and families. The change from an input system to a performance-based system is felt to require that educators address the continued protection of students with disabilities and the provision of greater flexibility in special education in the areas of certification, administration, service delivery, and finance. Initiatives and strategies in the following areas are urged: prevention/early intervention, inclusive schooling, school-based/school-linked health and social services, technology, personnel preparation, identification of performance standards and assessment strategies, and decentralization. (Contains 14 references.) (DB)
Descriptors: Accountability, Agency Cooperation, Change Agents, Change Strategies, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Objectives, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, National Organizations, Role of Education, Special Education, Teacher Role
National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Inc., 1800 Diagonal Road, Suite 320, King Street Station 1, Alexandria, VA 22314 ($7.50).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Administrators; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: National Association of State Directors of Special Education, Alexandria, VA.