ERIC Number: ED389084
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Welfare to Work: Approaches That Help Teenage Mothers Complete High School. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.
This document presents findings of a General Accounting Office (GAO) study that identified approaches and Aid to Dependent Children (AFDC) program activities that help teenage mothers complete their secondary education. Data were obtained from visits to 13 local programs in New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Vermont, and Wisconsin and interviews with AFDC and JOBS program administrators in 15 cities. In addition, published impact evaluations of five other programs were synthesized. The synthesis of program evaluations suggests that close monitoring of teenage mothers' educational activities with followup, when their attendance drops, is effective in increasing the likelihood that they complete their education. Three of the 15 cities reported that they monitored the school attendance of teenage mothers. Leveraging the welfare benefit as a sanction or reward for attendance has contributed to high school completion. Providing supportive services to overcome barriers to continued attendance, with or without financial incentives, also seems to be effective, especially for dropouts. Finally, assistance in meeting their child care and transportation needs may be particularly helpful but did not appear to be sufficient, without attendance monitoring. The 13 programs provided examples of innovative approaches that differed from the programs included in the evaluation synthesis: alternative schools for pregnant and parenting students, residential facilities for homeless teenage mothers on AFDC, home visiting, and school-based programs for at-risk students. Two figures and one table are included. Appendices contain information on the evaluation-synthesis methodology, program descriptions, comments from the Department of Health and Human Services, and lists of GAO contacts, staff acknowledgements, and related GAO products. The report does not distinguish between voluntary and mandatory programs. (Contains 30 references.) (LMI)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Attendance Patterns, Birth Rate, Births to Single Women, Dropout Prevention, Educational Attainment, Employment Opportunities, High School Equivalency Programs, High School Graduates, Potential Dropouts, Poverty, Pregnant Students, Program Effectiveness, Secondary Education, Unwed Mothers, Welfare Services
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015 (first copy free; $2 each additional copy; 100 or more copies discounted 25%).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Health, Education, and Human Services Div.