ERIC Number: ED388763
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994-Sep-6
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.
A descriptive study was made of the roles of training and federal programs in helping youths gain employment in selected high-wage occupations that do not require a four-year college degree. Interviews conducted with federal agency officials and industry representatives found little hard data but elicited officials' views on this issue. The study noted that although about 87 percent of U.S. youth complete high school, only 24 percent complete a four-year college degree by age 34. However, post-high school training is needed for a number of well-paying technical jobs. Six of these occupations were examined in the study: machinists, drafters, electrical and electronic technicians, registered nurses, radiologic technologists, and paralegals. The study found that there are various training paths to these occupations: a four-year bachelor's degree, an associate (two-year) degree, tech-prep programs, technical institutes, apprenticeships, and on-the-job training. For most of these occupations, the two-year associate degree programs were the most common paths, although this varied among the occupations and in different parts of the country. Barriers to students being trained in these occupations included the following: parental resistance, unwillingness of youths to relocate for training, determining relevance of training to later employment, and prevalence of four-year degree job applicants who might be selected ahead of two-year applicants depending on the job market. Financial aid did not appear to be a problem. The study summarized the role of several federal programs (Pell Grants, the Federal Family Education Loan Program, Vocational Education---Basic Grants to States, and the Job Training Partnership Act and Job Opportunities and Basic Skills Training) programs in providing financial aid for students to train in skilled occupations. (KC)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.