ERIC Number: ED388607
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Arts Education in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools. Statistical Analysis Report.
Carey, Nancy; And Others
This report, based on findings from The Elementary Arts Education Survey, 1994, looks at information regarding the general questions: (1) What art subjects are being taught in public schools? (2) How do schools and districts support arts education? (3) How have schools' arts programs changed compared to 5 years ago. Survey responses indicate that the primary focus of public school arts education is music and visual arts, with music instruction receiving more commitment than visual arts. Creative writing is typically incorporated into the language arts curriculum. Dance instruction by a dance specialist is rare, and dramatic and theatre activities are most often used by classroom teachers to reinforce instruction in other subjects. Elementary students are receiving about the same amount of instruction time in music and visual arts, although classroom teachers are more likely to teach visual arts than music, which is taught predominantly by music specialists. Very little is being done to promote arts education through external resources. But school districts' commitment to keeping arts education in the mainstream of basic education is evidenced by allocation of funds to arts education; developing and providing curriculum guidelines in arts subjects; and by employing an arts curriculum coordinator. An examination of changes in terms of arts programs as compared to 5 years ago indicates that increases in instructional time, number of arts staff, allocation of supplies and materials, funds for teachers' classroom use, and use of museums, galleries, and performances are reported by 20 to 30 percent of the respondents. Forty-one percent of elementary schools and 62 percent of secondary schools reported increases in enrollment. About half of the schools reported an increase in the number of courses offered, while 39 percent reported that the number of courses had remained the same. Fifteen tables present survey data. The appendices present the following: "Survey Methodology and Data Reliability"; "Tables of Standard Errors"; and examples of survey forms. (MM)
Descriptors: Art Education, Creative Writing, Curriculum Guides, Dance Education, Dramatics, Educational Trends, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Financial Support, Fine Arts, Instructor Coordinators, Music Education, Public Education, School Support, Specialists, Theater Arts, Time Factors (Learning), Visual Arts
U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop: SSOP, Washington, DC 20402-9328.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers; Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC.; National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.; National Inst. on Student Achievement, Curriculum, and Assessment (ED/OERI), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Westat, Inc., Rockville, MD.