ERIC Number: ED388249
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1994
An Authoring System for Creating Computer-Based Role-Performance Trainers.
Guralnick, David; Kass, Alex
This paper describes a multimedia authoring system called MOPed-II. Like other authoring systems, MOPed-II reduces the time and expense of producing end-user applications by eliminating much of the programming effort they require. However, MOPed-II reflects an approach to authoring tools for educational multimedia which is different from most tools available on the commercial market, the theory-rich authoring tool. General purpose tools, particularly graphical user interface (GUI) tools, force software developers to attempt to map the conceptual components of their well-defined task to the physical components of a computer interface. This effectively takes the target audience of authoring tools, experts in teaching and in specific content areas, and forces them to act as novice computer programmers. The way to allow non-programmers to build good educational software is to give them the tools and let them build software out of constructs they're familiar with. Role-performance trainers involve learning a procedure in the performance of tasks in which there is a fairly regular routine. Typical role-performance trainers may have the following components: simulation; failure identification; scaffolding; many scenarios; Socratic teaching; and modeling. MOPed's theory-rich structure guides non-programmers in building high quality role-performance trainers. A sample application is described, in which MOPed-II teaches employees of a fast-food restaurant to ring up customer orders. A scenario developed may either select a task-structure class from an on-screen palette, or specialize a task structure. (Contains 10 references.) (MAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 1994. Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 94--World Conference on Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia (Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, June 25-30, 1994); see IR 017 359.