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ERIC Number: ED388229
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1994
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
R-WISE: A Computerized Environment for Tutoring Critical Literacy.
Carlson, P.; Crevoisier, M.
This paper describes a computerized environment for teaching the conceptual patterns of critical literacy. While the full implementation of the software covers both reading and writing, this paper covers only the writing aspects of R-WISE (Reading and Writing in a Supportive Environment). R-WISE consists of a suite of computerized "tools" to aid ninth-graders in learning the art of prose composition. The project is part of a 7-year Air Force effort--the Fundamental Skills Training project--to transition advanced computer-aided instruction to the public school sector. This paper gives an overview of the approach the tutor uses, its underpinnings in cognitive and textual theories, and the results of a pilot study. The three components of R-WISE mirror the widely accepted model for the composing process: Cubing (prewriting), Idea Board (Drafting), and Revision. Part of the instructional guidance comes from adaptive tutoring using traditional artificial intelligence (AI) formalisms, and part of the teaching comes from the powers of reification (or representing complex processes as manipulable objects on the computer screen). The tutoring environment includes: setting goals; visual algorithms; diagnosis and repair; adaptive advice; and just in time tutoring. Approximately 650 ninth-graders in a San Antonio, Texas high school were field tested during the academic year 1992-93. The difference in means on pre- and post-tests, represented by a 7% gain by the treatment group, was deemed significant. (Contains 10 references.) (MAS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A