ERIC Number: ED388089
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995
Implementing Bilingual Programs Is Everybody's Business. Focus: Occasional Papers in Bilingual Education 11.
A discussion of the role of bilingual education programs focuses on their function as a district-wide or school-wide reform effort, rather than as a discrete program within a larger system. It is proposed that this approach requires changes in the traditional roles of school personnel and thoughtful attention to how to involve all participants. Recasting bilingual programs as district- or school-wide reform implies that non-bilingual personnel need to assume ownership for specific aspects of implementation, and that bilingual personnel must expand their activity into the total operations of schools and districts. A study of the perceptions of school district personnel involved in change efforts in urban schools, in which this issue emerged, is noted. Six factors identified as facilitating involvement of non-bilingual personnel in an inclusive implementation plan are outlined: (1) visible and strongly stated support from the superintendent; (2) specific and detailed guidelines for each unit in the district; (3) intensive and ongoing staff development; (4) organizational modifications; (5) use of classroom teachers as trainers; and (6) rotation of teachers in supervisory/mentor positions. Some additional considerations are discussed briefly. A bibliography is included. (MSE)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Agency Cooperation, Bilingual Education Programs, Change Strategies, Educational Change, Organizational Change, Peer Teaching, Program Administration, Program Implementation, School Districts, Staff Development, Teacher Role, Teacher Supervision
National Clearinghouses for Bilingual Education, 1118 22nd Street N.W., Washington, DC 20037.
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Bilingual Education and Minority Languages Affairs (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Clearinghouse for Bilingual Education, Washington, DC.