ERIC Number: ED387939
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
Restructuring Education for the 21st Century: A University Consortium Study.
Bailey, Jane M.; And Others
This paper presents findings of a study that identified factors that facilitate or inhibit change, examined the effects of the change process on the school/community population, and provided recommendations to school and community personnel who may face change in the future. A three-tier research design included a review of the literature, a survey of 190 randomly selected middle-level Virginia schools, and in-depth case studies of three out-of-state schools that were in the process of implementing major changes. A total of 1,129 parents, teachers, speciality area teachers, and school administrators responded to the survey, a 64 percent response rate. Findings indicate that a consensually defined school mission is fundamental to effective change; change takes enormous time and effort; both resources and training need to be channeled toward systemic changes rather than piecemeal, inservice workshops; and personnel who are philosophically aligned with a school's mission and have professional expertise can greatly enhance the change process and communication among constituents. In addition, leadership must have a clear sense of mission, a vision as to where that mission is headed, and the energy to integrate multiple changes at once. However, a discrepancy existed between the ideal of "systemic" change and the types of changes happening in Virginia schools. The schools appeared to be grappling with a multiplicity of changes made on either a piecemeal basis or on a programmatic basis. In addition, these changes were not integrated into the notion of broad, systemic change representing any fundamental educational paradigm shift. A conclusion is that change is a process rather than a product. More work needs to be done communicating to local education agencies how to integrate a variety of types of change toward an operational mission of effective education. Eight tables are included. (Contains 43 references.) (LMI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).