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ERIC Number: ED387934
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Public School District Funding Differences. Indicator of the Month.
National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Differences in the revenue that public school districts receive have led to legal challenges of the equity of school finance in many states. Achieving equity in the allocation of resources for education requires consideration of factors such as the cost of living and the educational needs of children in addition to the wealth of the school district. This document addresses the effect of differences in public school-district funding on measures of resource inequality. Data from the National Center for Education Statistics show that the wealthiest districts in terms of household income have more revenue per student than the poorest districts. The disparity is reduced from about 36 percent to about 16 percent when cost of living is adjusted. School districts with fewer than 5 percent of children living in poverty have more revenue per student than those with more than 25 percent. Cost-of-living adjustments reduce the difference from 27 percent to 20 percent. Low-poverty districts receive much less of their revenue from state and federal sources than do high-poverty districts (35 versus 73 percent). Finally, districts with fewer than 3 percent of students receiving special-education services received 7 percent less revenue per student before adjusting for cost of living, but 4 percent more after adjusting, than districts with 10 percent or more special-education students. One table and one figure are included. (LMI)
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Numerical/Quantitative Data
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Education Statistics (ED), Washington, DC.
Note: Extracted from "The Condition of Education, 1995."