ERIC Number: ED387615
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Aug
The Metropolitan Contingency of the Male Youth Central-City Employment Disadvantage. Working Paper Series WP-018.
Holloway, Steven R.
A study examined employment probabilities for a sample of out-of-school black and white male youths living in 35 large metropolitan areas to investigate the metropolitan contingency of the spatial mismatch effect. Individual-level data were drawn from the 1.0 percent (B) sample of the 1990 Public Use Microdata Sample (U.S. Bureau of the Census 1993). Logistic regression analysis centered around three questions: (1) whether living in central-city neighborhoods affects employment probabilities; (2) if so, whether the effect varies between metropolitan areas; and (3) what factors accounted for observed inter-metropolitan variability in the central-city employment effect. The study supported the generalization that central-city youths were less likely to be employed than suburban youths, even when relevant individual- and family-level factors were controlled for. White male youths appear to suffer a greater disadvantage than black youths. The analysis also reveals that the magnitude and direction of the central city-suburbs employment difference vary considerably between metropolitan areas. In addition, the magnitude of the central city-suburban employment difference was systematically related to economic and spatial characteristics of metropolitan labor markets. The most significant finding was that spatial inaccessibility to employment could not be considered a universal problem faced by youths living in central-city neighborhoods in all metropolitan areas. (Appendixes contain a list of 43 references, 4 tables, and 4 figures.) (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Labor Research.