ERIC Number: ED387506
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Apr
A Comparison of Two Methods of Data Collection in Analyzing Social and Cognitive Play Behavior.
Pack, Albert R.; Michael, William B.
This study investigated the extent to which data collected on play behavior differ when two different data collection methods, observation alone and observation plus interview, were used. A secondary objective was to compare data collected using both methods in an indoor and outdoor play environment. The social and cognitive play behavior for a sample of 30 kindergarten children was recorded using the observation only and observation/interview procedures. Results showed that the combined methodology of observation with follow-up interview provided a profile of the play behavior of kindergarten children different from the profile when observation is used alone. The combined methodology suggests that less functional play and more dramatic play is recorded when the observation/interview technique is used than when the observation only technique is used, especially in the outdoor environment. In a comparison of indoor to outdoor play, the indoor environment appears to facilitate constructive play and outdoor environments seem to facilitate functional play. More solitary and parallel play occurs indoors, while more group play takes place outdoors. Dramatic play for children at this age level appears to be facilitated equally by both indoor and outdoor environments. (Contains 2 tables and 20 references.) (Author/SLD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, April 18-22, 1995).