ERIC Number: ED387487
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Variables Influencing the Indexation of the "Prior Knowledge State" Concept and a Conceptual Model for Research.
Dochy, F. J. R. C.
In educational psychology research the concept "prior knowledge" is not always clearly described, but it is important to distinguish prior knowledge state (PKS) components as well as possible and to elucidate the relations among these elements. An in-case-study was conducted into the operationalizing of the concept of prior knowledge and the PKS, investigating how PKS should be operationalized using a number of variables. Data collected in a literature search and an enquiry among specialists is interpreted. Seventeen experts in cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence responded to a questionnaire on PKS. Their responses were used to derive a provisional conceptual model with eight variables: (1) the nature and amount of information and skills; (2) availability of cognitive structure; (3) structuring of the cognitive structure; (4) relevance of information in respect to the learning objectives; (5) the pace or duration of the learning process; (6) durability of what is retained; (7) previous education; and (8) work experience and age. Seven figures illustrate the discussion. (Contains 13 references.) (SLD)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Background, Case Studies, Cognitive Psychology, Cognitive Structures, Concept Formation, Educational Psychology, Educational Research, Experience, Foreign Countries, Knowledge Level, Prior Learning
Open University, Secretariaat OTIC/COP, Postbus 2960, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Open Univ., Heerlen (Netherlands). Centre for Educational Technological Innovation.