ERIC Number: ED387439
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1995-Jul
Attribution Theory in Sport: Problems and Solutions.
Fullin, Christine; Mills, Brett D.
This paper reviews the development of attribution theory as it relates to sport from Fritz Heider's original model of attribution theory in 1958 to the present. The original model explains that individuals use four attribution factors to interpret and predict the outcome of an event--ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck. Bernard Weiner built upon Heider's basic theory by organizing the four attribution factors into two dimensions: locus of control (internal vs. external) and stability (fixed vs. variable). A more recent model includes the role of emotional reactions and expectations of future performances. Other factors which are seen to affect performance outcome attribution include skill level effects and the syndrome of learned helplessness (when the probability of a desired outcome is perceived as not increased by one's actions). Methodological issues concerning research on attribution theory include a failure of early measures to consider all possible causal attributions and the arbitrary assigning of causal variables. New measures attempt to address these methodological problems. (Contains 15 references.) (JB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A